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Cystic hygromas are fluid-filled sacs caused by blockages in the lymphatic system. Cystic hygromas are abnormal growths that usually appear on a baby’s neck or head. They consist of one or more cysts and tend to grow larger over time. This disorder most often develops while the baby is still in the womb. However, a cystic hygroma can also appear after birth.
Cystic hygromas can develop due to genetic disorders or environmental factors. One or more growths may be present at the time of diagnosis.
Cystic hygromas that develop after birth may not be noticeable when the baby is born. They can become visible as they grow larger and the child gets older. Cystic hygromas will usually appear by the time the child is 2 years old.
The main symptom of a cystic hygroma is the presence of a soft, spongy lump. This lump most commonly appears on the neck. However, a cystic hygroma can also form in the armpits and groin area.
A cystic hygroma is usually treatable if it’s present at birth or develops later. The first step of treatment is surgery. The entire growth must be removed to prevent it from coming back.
In some cases, however, your doctor may not want to remove large cystic hygromas. These growths usually aren’t cancerous, so doctors won’t want to get rid of them if there’s a risk of damaging any healthy tissue. Instead, other techniques may be used to shrink large cystic hygromas: sclerotherapy, which involves injecting medicine into the cyst, chemotherapy,radiation therapy and steroid medication
Performed more than 20 surgeries including 5 revision surgeries for cystic hygroma paediatric and adult patient.